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tsuomela : values   44

Calculated Values — William Deringer | Harvard University Press
"Modern political culture features a deep-seated faith in the power of numbers to find answers, settle disputes, and explain how the world works. Whether evaluating economic trends, measuring the success of institutions, or divining public opinion, we are told that numbers don’t lie. But numbers have not always been so revered. Calculated Values traces how numbers first gained widespread public authority in one nation, Great Britain. Into the seventeenth century, numerical reasoning bore no special weight in political life. Complex calculations were often regarded with suspicion, seen as the narrow province of navigators, bookkeepers, and astrologers, not gentlemen. This changed in the decades following the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Though Britons’ new quantitative enthusiasm coincided with major advances in natural science, financial capitalism, and the power of the British state, it was no automatic consequence of those developments, William Deringer argues. Rather, it was a product of politics—ugly, antagonistic, partisan politics. From parliamentary debates to cheap pamphlets, disputes over taxes, trade, and national debt were increasingly conducted through calculations. Some of the era’s most pivotal political moments, like the 1707 Union of England and Scotland and the 1720 South Sea Bubble, turned upon calculative conflicts. As Britons learned to fight by the numbers, they came to believe, as one calculator wrote in 1727, that “facts and figures are the most stubborn evidences.” Yet the authority of numbers arose not from efforts to find objective truths that transcended politics, but from the turmoil of politics itself."
book  publisher  values  statistics  history  sts 
june 2019 by tsuomela
The Unholy Family
"Melinda Cooper, Family Values: Between Neoliberalism and the New Social Conservatism (Zone Books/MIT Press, 2017)"
book  review  political-science  history  conservatism  neoliberalism  neoconservatism  family  values  capitalism 
february 2018 by tsuomela
May 2014 report from the Executive Office of the President
big-data  government  report  policy  privacy  values  opportunity 
september 2014 by tsuomela
Integrity and the Virtues of Reason: Leading a Convincing Life // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Greg Scherkoske, Integrity and the Virtues of Reason: Leading a Convincing Life, Cambridge University Press, 2013, 264pp., $99.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781107000674."
book  review  philosophy  integrity  values  virtue  epistemology  social-epistemology 
april 2014 by tsuomela
Philosophies of Significance | Knowledge Ecology
"What Stengers, Latour, Haraway, and Whitehead have in common is a basic understanding that in order to account for the reality of values, we need an alternative metaphysics not based in the subjective-objective dichotomy, nor one that collapses the Real into either category. Latour’s newest work in An Inquiry into Modes of Existence (“AIME”) is itself an investigation into the ontology of values, as is Haraway’s more recent take on multispecies cosmopolitics. With Noë, cosmopolitics and AIME both seek to elevate the status of values rather than use them to attack the nature of the sciences. However, for the latter group the ontological status of values is much broader than what Noë hints at — though does not foreclose — in his commentary."
philosophy  ontology  values  subjectivity  objectivity  objects  subject 
january 2014 by tsuomela
What Careerist Americans Can Learn From Ike, Dorothy Day and Jimmy Buffett - Conor Friedersdorf - The Atlantic
"The paraphrased quote, repeated during a meandering Wednesday conversation between David Brooks and Arianna Huffington, comes as close as any one statement can to distilling what the ideologically not-quite-opposites both regard as a flaw in the American psyche: we overvalue professional success, measured in money and power, and undervalue introspection and the life well-lived*"
american  culture  work  success  money  power  introspection  contemplation  values  medium-chill 
june 2013 by tsuomela
Opinion: The Internet is a surveillance state -
"Welcome to an Internet without privacy, and we've ended up here with hardly a fight."
internet  culture  privacy  surveillance  state  business  values 
march 2013 by tsuomela
All About the Money - Faculty - The Chronicle of Higher Education
""The Earning Power of Graduates From Tennessee's Colleges and Universities" is the latest effort to precisely quantify the value of a degree. It identifies the payoff that individual programs at specific colleges yield the first year after graduation. While limited to Tennessee, it will be followed by similar analyses in other states, and it marks the arrival of a new way of evaluating higher education that brings conversations about college productivity and performance to the program level."
education  economics  success  college  university  degree  academia  values  state(Tennessee) 
october 2012 by tsuomela
The Narrowing of the American Mind - Commentary - The Chronicle of Higher Education
"Wage studies that look only at the graduate's choice of major may well accelerate the narrowing of the American mind at the very moment in history when multidimensional learning—liberal learning—has become essential to success."
education  economics  success  college  university  degree  academia  values 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Why Our Definition Of "Failure" Gets An F | Co.Exist: World changing ideas and innovation
"New tools like Kickboard Wireless Generation, and ClassDojo have the potential to help teachers capture far more fine-grained data about students’ day-to-day performance and interactions, which besides being good for teaching, could eventually be made the basis of a more nuanced picture of what happens in schools. But this data needs to be paired with nuanced judgments by politicians and the public."
education  reform  measurement  metrics  automation  digital  judgment  values 
september 2012 by tsuomela
Conservative Southern Values Revived: How a Brutal Strain of American Aristocrats Have Come to Rule America | Visions | AlterNet
The rich are different now because the elites who spent four centuries sucking the South dry and turning it into an economic and political backwater have now vanquished the more forward-thinking, democratic Northern elites. Their attitudes towards freedom, authority, community, government, and the social contract aren't just confined to the country clubs of the Gulf Coast
the-south  politics  history  america  partisanship  slave  morality  conservative  values  american 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Higher and lower virtues in commercial society: Adam Smith and motivation crowding out
"Motivation crowding out can lead to a reduction of ‘higher’ virtues, such as altruism or public spirit, in market contexts. This article discusses the role of virtue in the moral and economic theory of Adam Smith. It argues that because Smith’s account of commercial society is based on ‘lower’ virtue, ‘higher’ virtue has a precarious place in it
philosophy  economics  morality  values 
october 2011 by tsuomela
Corporate culture: The view from the top, and bottom | The Economist
"Tragicomically, the study found that bosses often believe their own guff, even if their underlings do not. Bosses are eight times more likely than the average to believe that their organisation is self-governing."
work  labor  business  management  values  propaganda  human-resources  tragedy 
october 2011 by tsuomela
Value judgements : Nature : Nature Publishing Group
"Instead, researchers and, especially, their funders must embrace the idea that public and stakeholder participation can help to define research priorities. And they must do more to track and communicate all outcomes. Policy-makers need to ensure that those with direct needs for climate-related information — businesses, regional planners, government departments — have a greater say in the kind of services and knowledge that they expect publicly funded researchers to produce, and in assuring the quality and relevance of what is delivered."
science  research  public-understanding  public  decision  values 
june 2011 by tsuomela
Everyday Sociology Blog: American Values: Are We Really Divided?
"The purpose was to create a barometer of American values, and the target population was randomly-selected adults, 18 or older, living in the U.S.

These are guiding principles that are strongly and widely held, shared across demographic lines, and stable over time. Here we outline the Top 8 core values that Americans share:"
sociology  values  american  polling  surveys  public-opinion 
march 2011 by tsuomela
The downward spiral of ownership and value « The Thingology Blog
"The loss of ownership creates a downward spiral in value, and erodes the very notion of paying for books at all.

Defining ownership down. We used to own our books. With most ebooks we own them in name, but effectively we lease them. As Jane documents, the slide toward more and more attenuated concepts of ownership continues."
books  publishing  economics  ownership  intellectual-property  copyright  value  values  information 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Lib-Value |
"Faced with difficult economic times and university budget cuts, the value of the library to the wider goals of the university is increasingly questioned. Return on investment (ROI) measures are a concrete means of demonstrating to institution administrators and public audiences the vital role academic libraries hold within both their respective communities and on a global scale. While libraries have traditionally been rather modest about broadcasting their own worth, today they must learn to make clear the often unrecognized ways in which they contribute to institutional success. This demonstration of value is exactly what Lib-Value, an IMLS-funded grant project, aims to empower."
libraries  library  value  values  roi  research  school(UTenn)  economics 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Michael Adams
Canadian pollster who uses social values research method.."measures fundamental values and worldviews and examines how they change over time. Probing beyond the opinions people express about the issues in the headlines, values research uncovers profound, long-term evolutions in the way people see themselves, each other, and the world."
people  research  canada  polling  surveys  values 
november 2010 by tsuomela
The Psychology of the Taboo Tradeoff: Scientific American
What truly distinguishes sacred values from secular ones is how people behave when asked to compromise them. When people are asked to trade their sacred values for values considered to be secular—what psychologist Philip Tetlock refers to as a “taboo tradeoff”—they exhibit moral outrage, express anger and disgust, become increasingly inflexible in negotiations, and display an insensitivity to a strict cost-benefit analysis of the exchange.
values  ethics  behavior  religion  sacred  psychology 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Four Rules for Constructive Competition - Umair Haque -
The scenario I've outlined above is radical — but it's also real. US medical tourism is growing by leaps and bounds. Yes, it has its problems — but its value proposition is deeply disruptive. And crystallized within it is a deeper lesson about 21st century competition.
medicine  tourism  innovation  health-care  reform  strategy  values 
september 2009 by tsuomela
The Real Nanny Diaries | The American Prospect
Americans pay lip service to the idea child-raising is important work, but when they hire people to do it for them, they tend to pay them little and respect them less.
family  children  values  nannies  politics  ideology  work  labor 
september 2009 by tsuomela » Trust, Fairness, Shared Identity
Mark van Vugt of the VU University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands examines the social psychology of successful commons. His piece, “Triumph of the Commons: Helping the World to Share,” proposes “four key conditions for the successful management of shared environmental resources: information, identity, institutions and incentives,” or what he calls the 4i framework.
commons  values  information  identity  institutions  incentives 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Harmony Fills Generation Gap, Study Finds - CBS News
Young people, far from rejecting the values of their parents, seem to fault themselves for not living up to those standards. People under 30 tend to think older people have better moral values than they do, the poll said.
generational-analysis  generation  survey  values  attitude  american  1960s  youth 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Forty Years After Woodstock, A Gentler Generation Gap - Pew Research Center
But this modern generation gap is a much more subdued affair than the one that raged in the 1960s, for relatively few Americans of any age see it as a source of conflict -- either in society at large or in their own families.
generational-analysis  generation  survey  values  american  attitude  1960s  youth 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Shadow values and, one more time, doublethink | Psychology Today
I've talked about "shadow values," the fact that the world of entertainment allows us to indulge and cultivate values that we deny. The two topics are related, of course. That is, the world of entertainment allows you to indulge your fascination with celebrities while denying that fascination at the same time.
psychology  anthropology  entertainment  values 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Persephone's Box: On Being Happy and/or Good
I propose that what we find pleasurable, what makes us happy, is determined by the axis of two dispositions: conscience and drive. My argument on the relationship between virtue and happiness rests on the premise that where we are on the continuum of each is primarily innate.
philosophy  environment  behavior  incentives  values  psychology  pleasure 
january 2009 by tsuomela
Who Cares If Johnny Can't Read? - By Larissa MacFarquhar - Slate Magazine
The sentimentalization of books gets especially ripe when reading is compared with its supposed rivals: television and cyberspace. Valorization of reading over television, for instance, is often based on the vague and groundless notion that reading is somehow "active" and television "passive."
book  reading  psychology  television  media  values  1990s 
december 2008 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias: Traditional Capitalist Values
Attempt to list worthwhile values of capitalism. "So here are the traditional values of capitalism as seen by those who regard it as noble.."
values  philosophy  capitalism  extremism 
october 2008 by tsuomela

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