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How Roosevelt’s welfare programmes made America great again | VOX, CEPR Policy Portal
"Governments of modern states need to convince men and women to fight and possibly to die for their country, putting aside their ‘selfish’ instinct to stay alive. This column examines whether welfare spending under Roosevelt’s New Deal boosted US patriotism during WWII. It finds that higher welfare spending prior to 1940 is positively correlated with greater patriotism, as measured by war bond purchases, volunteering for the US Army, and exceptionally brave acts in battle. The findings suggest that when the federal government looks out for its citizens’ needs, men and women who benefit repay the largesse by becoming more patriotic."
war  patriotism  welfare  government  world-war-2 
5 weeks ago by tsuomela
Chasing the Apocalypse — Real Life
Visiting abandoned nuclear test sites in the Nevada desert.
nuclear  war  history  tourism  travel  state(Nevada) 
february 2019 by tsuomela
Unflattening Hobbes
Very interesting breakdown of how the different levels - individual, pack, troop, tribe, and imagined community - may continue to be in conflict without disrupting the whole of civilization.
history  war  future  violence  peace 
october 2018 by tsuomela
Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs | Nobel Peace Prize 1995
"Pugwash seeks a world free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. We create opportunities for dialogue on the steps needed to achieve that end, focusing on areas where nuclear risks are present. Moving beyond rhetoric, we foster creative discussions on ways to increase the security of all sides in the affected regions."
nuclear  military  war  weapons  discussion  dialog 
november 2016 by tsuomela
Obama Deserves Credit for Visiting Hiroshima
"That is why Obama, who deserves credit for the nuclear deal with Iran, is taking the right step in visiting Hiroshima. No responsibility is greater for the president and other world leaders than assuring that no other nation will ever suffer the fate of Japan in 1945. That never again will mankind unleash death, the destroyer of worlds.   "
nuclear  war  history  memory  fear  american-studies  people(BarackObama) 
may 2016 by tsuomela
The paradox of dominance: The age of civilizational conflict | Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
"American dominance of conventional military capabilities has forced potential competitors to explore asymmetric responses. Some of these, such as cyber conflict capabilities, may appear primarily tactical, but taken together with emerging strategic doctrines such as Russian "new generation warfare" or Chinese "unrestricted warfare" and unpredictable and potent technological evolution, an arguably new form of warfare—"civilizational conflict"—is emerging. This does not mean that current strategic and operational doctrine and activities are obsolete, but it does mean that a new conceptual framework for conflict among cultures is required, within which such more traditional operations are developed and deployed."
conflict  future  civilization  war  military 
march 2015 by tsuomela
Sarah Palin: Anti-Christian « The Dish
"If you want a classic example of political Christianism – and its active hostility to spiritual Christianity – it’s hard to beat Sarah Palin’s remarks yesterday. I offered a brief response last night, but this obscenity needs to be unpacked some more. And the first thing to say is that a former US vice-presidential candidate did not just endorse a war crime; she endorsed it as routine for every human being suspected of terrorism. "
torture  war  christian  conservative  neoconservatism  foreign-policy  republicans 
april 2014 by tsuomela
CIA misled on interrogation program, Senate report says - The Washington Post
"The report, built around detailed chronologies of dozens of CIA detainees, documents a long-standing pattern of unsubstantiated claims as agency officials sought permission to use — and later tried to defend — excruciating interrogation methods that yielded little, if any, significant intelligence, according to U.S. officials who have reviewed the document."
cia  torture  war  crime 
april 2014 by tsuomela
An Open Letter to Neil deGrasse Tyson | Leaping Robot Blog | Patrick McCray
"This brings me to my disappointment with you – in a recent issue of the weekly newspaper supplement Parade, you made some remarks about scientists. To wit – you said, “You will never find scientists leading armies into battle. You just won’t. Especially not astrophysicists…”  I don’t wish to pile on you here, but your statement is simply wrong. "
science  military  military-industrial-complex  cold-war  war  technology 
march 2014 by tsuomela
Military-industrial complex? Blame the torpedoes - Ideas - The Boston Globe
"But as the history of the torpedo shows, the roots of the military-industrial complex lie deeper. Even before World War I, the government and the private sector were entwined: The government investing in defense contractors and guaranteeing a customer for their products; a branch of the private sector depending on the military for growth; and a body of rules growing alongside their collaboration to ensure that scientific and technological information emerging with private-sector input would stay protected, rather than travel like other discoveries."
history  sts  war  military-industrial-complex  20c  19c  government  research  r&d 
january 2014 by tsuomela
US atomic bomb detonation was avoided by 'the slightest margin of chance' | World news | theguardian.com
"New evidence has emerged confirming that the US came just one safety switch away from detonating a hydrogen bomb over North Carolina that was 260 times more powerful than the "Little Boy" bomb that destroyed Hiroshima."
history  nuclear  war  1960s  cold-war 
september 2013 by tsuomela
150 Years of Misunderstanding the Civil War - Tony Horwitz - The Atlantic
"This and other scenes of unromantic slaughter aren't likely to get much notice during the Gettysburg sesquicentennial, the high water mark of Civil War remembrance. Instead, we'll hear a lot about Joshua Chamberlain's heroism and Lincoln's hallowing of the Union dead. It's hard to argue with the Gettysburg Address. But in recent years, historians have rubbed much of the luster from the Civil War and questioned its sanctification. Should we consecrate a war that killed and maimed over a million Americans? Or should we question, as many have in recent conflicts, whether this was really a war of necessity that justified its appalling costs?"
american  american-studies  civil-war  history  19c  memory  war  violence 
june 2013 by tsuomela
Tomgram: Engelhardt, Field of Nightmares | TomDispatch
"Dirty Wars is really the secret history of how Washington launched a series of undeclared wars in the backlands of the planet and killed its way to something that ever more closely resembled an actual global war, creating a world of enemies out of next to nothing.  Think of it as a bizarre form of unconscious wish fulfillment and the results -- they came! -- as a field of nightmares."
book  review  terrorism  terror  war  journalism  military  military-industrial-complex  2000s  foreign-affairs  blowback 
april 2013 by tsuomela
‘The Undivided Past,’ by David Cannadine - NYTimes.com
"In “The Undivided Past,” David Cannadine challenges those who believe that all history is the history of conflict, whether over class, as Marx and Engels proclaimed, or over religion, nationality, race, gender or civilization. The fact is, mankind’s divisions may not be the most important part of the story. As Cannadine succinctly puts it, “humanity is still here.” "
book  review  history  war  conflict 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Tomgram: Jeremiah Goulka, Shell Shock Lite | TomDispatch
A moving account of a contractor suffering PTSD after spending a short time in Iraq in 2007.
war  iraq  injury  psychology  stress 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Tomgram: Jonathan Schell, Seeing the Reality of the Vietnam War, 50 Years Late | TomDispatch
"Like a tightening net, the web of stories and reports drawn from myriad sources coalesces into a convincing, inescapable portrait of this war -- a portrait that, as an American, you do not wish to see; that, having seen, you wish you could forget, but that you should not forget; and that the facts force you to see and remember and take into account when you ask yourself what the United States has done and been in the last half century, and what it still is doing and still is."
book  review  history  war  military  american  vietnam  20c  1960s  1970s  atrocity 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Obama Ordered Wave of Cyberattacks Against Iran - NYTimes.com
"From his first months in office, President Obama secretly ordered increasingly sophisticated attacks on the computer systems that run Iran’s main nuclear enrichment facilities, significantly expanding America’s first sustained use of cyberweapons, according to participants in the program."
computers  virus  war  military  cyberwar  treaties  country(Iran) 
june 2012 by tsuomela
Interview: John Robb | TechCrunch
three themes: global guerrillas, resilient communities, and, more recently, drone disruption.
interview  drones  guerrilla  war  resilience 
april 2012 by tsuomela
War and Presidential Greatness by David Henderson, Zachary Gochenour :: SSRN
"Historians and journalists commonly survey other historians on the relative 'greatness' of American presidents, and these rankings show remarkable consistency between surveys. In this paper we consider commonalities between highly ranked presidents and compare plausible determinants of greatness according to historians. We find that a strong predictor of greatness is the fraction of American lives lost in war during a president’s tenure. We find this predictor to be robust and compare favorably to other predictors used in previous historical research. We discuss potential reasons for this correlation and conclude with a discussion of how historians’ views might affect policy. "
political-science  war  military  perception  success  greatness 
april 2012 by tsuomela
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