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tsuomela : world   38

18th Brumaire, everywhere — Crooked Timber
"Dictatorship, or at least, authoritarian personal rule, seems to be re-emerging all around the world, mostly through the suppression of opposition by rulers who originally came to power through democratic elections"
dictatorship  politics  world  fascism  elections  democracy  crisis 
november 2016 by tsuomela
Gridded Population of the World (GPW), v3 | SEDAC
"Note: "Gridded Population of the World, v4" is now available and supersedes GPWv3. GPWv4 provides gridded population estimates with an output resolution of 30 arc-seconds (approximately 1 km at the equator) for the years 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, and 2020 based on the results of the 2010 round of censuses, which occurred between 2005 and 2014. "
data-sources  population  world 
november 2016 by tsuomela
Human population reduction is not a quick fix for environmental problems
"The planet’s large, growing, and overconsuming human population, especially the increasing affluent component, is rapidly eroding many of the Earth’s natural ecosystems. However, society’s only real policy lever to reduce the human population humanely is to encourage lower per capita fertility. How long might fertility reduction take to make a meaningful impact? We examined various scenarios for global human population change to the year 2100 by adjusting fertility and mortality rates (both chronic and short-term interventions) to determine the plausible range of outcomes. Even one-child policies imposed worldwide and catastrophic mortality events would still likely result in 5–10 billion people by 2100. Because of this demographic momentum, there are no easy ways to change the broad trends of human population size this century."
population  world  growth  future  demography  disaster  catastrophe 
november 2014 by tsuomela
World population stabilization unlikely this century
"The United Nations (UN) recently released population projections based on data until 2012 and a Bayesian probabilistic methodology. Analysis of these data reveals that, contrary to previous literature, the world population is unlikely to stop growing this century. There is an 80% probability that world population, now 7.2 billion people, will increase to between 9.6 billion and 12.3 billion in 2100. This uncertainty is much smaller than the range from the traditional UN high and low variants. Much of the increase is expected to happen in Africa, in part due to higher fertility rates and a recent slowdown in the pace of fertility decline. Also, the ratio of working-age people to older people is likely to decline substantially in all countries, even those that currently have young populations."
population  world  growth  future  demography 
november 2014 by tsuomela
302 Found
"M. J. Lerner (1980) proposed that people need to believe in a just world; thus, evidence that the world is not just is threatening, and people have a number of strategies for reducing such threats. Early research on this idea, and on just-world theory more broadly, was reviewed in early publications (e.g., M. J. Lerner, 1980; M. J. Lerner & D. T. Miller, 1978). In the present article, focus is directed on the post-1980 experimental research on this theory. First, 2 conceptualizations of the term belief in a just world are described, the typical experimental paradigms are explained, and a general overview of the post-1980 experiments is provided. Second, problems with this literature are discussed, including the unsystematic nature of the research. Third, important developments that have occurred, despite the problems reviewed, are described. Finally, theoretical challenges that researchers should address if this area of inquiry is to advance in the future are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)"
social-psychology  just-world  belief  world  ethics  bias  psychology 
january 2014 by tsuomela
Dencity | Fathom
"Dencity maps population density using circles of various size and hue. Larger, darker circles show areas with fewer people, while smaller, brighter circles highlight crowded cities. Representing denser areas with smaller circles results in additional geographic detail where there are more people, while sparsely populated areas are more vaguely defined. "
map  design  population  world  visualization 
october 2012 by tsuomela
My Life as a Night Elf Priest | Savage Minds
"Well, it’s not too complicated: My Life As A Night Elf Priest by Bonnie Nardi is the best ethnography of World of Warcraft out there. And that’s not likely to change soon." Annotated link http://www.diigo.com/bookmark/http://savageminds.org/2012/07/19/my-life-as-a-night-elf-priest/
book  review  ethnography  anthropology  virtual  world  games  online  information-science 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Privacy in the developing world: a global research agenda | Privacy International
Privacy is internationally recognized as a fundamental right. Yet the confines of the right to privacy are subject to never-ending games of tug-of-war between individuals, governments and corporations. These games are rarely fair – individuals are often under-informed and lack the capacity to assert and protect their privacy, while those who seek to erode it are increasingly overbearing and secretive. This is particularly the case in developing countries, where the absence of adequate legal and institutional frameworks and safeguards facilitates unhindered corporate intrusion into privacy.
privacy  world  international  law  legal  developing 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Democracy in Objects: Mereology and Exploded Views « Larval Subjects .
"Exploded view diagrams open up– a little –these black boxes so as to discern the multiple-composition that objects or units are as complexes of relations. What we discover is that every object is both a unit and a crowd of other objects or units."
object-oriented-ontology  objects  metaphysics  ontology  philosophy  world  emergence 
april 2012 by tsuomela
What is a World? « Larval Subjects .
"Tim seems to conceive world as a container that entities are in. For me, by contrast, the world is anything but a container. Ultimately there are no containers, there are just relations between entities. And as a consequence, in the framework of my ontology, a world is nothing but a network of relations between structurally coupled entities. "
object-oriented-ontology  objects  metaphysics  ontology  philosophy  world 
april 2012 by tsuomela
The Rise of the New Global Elite - Magazine - The Atlantic
"It is perhaps telling that Blankfein is the son of a Brooklyn postal worker and that Hayward—despite his U.S. caricature as an upper-class English twit—got his start at BP as a rig geologist in the North Sea. They are both, in other words, working-class boys made good. And while you might imagine that such backgrounds would make plutocrats especially sympathetic to those who are struggling, the opposite is often true. For the super-elite, a sense of meritocratic achievement can inspire high self-regard, and that self-regard—especially when compounded by their isolation among like-minded peers—can lead to obliviousness and indifference to the suffering of others. "
economics  elites  wealth  rich  class  capitalism  business  world  glocalism  globalization  global  power  philanthropy 
january 2011 by tsuomela
World Justice Project
A worldwide Rule of Law deficit undermines efforts to make societies safe, lift people from poverty and build economic prosperity, reduce corruption, improve public health and enhance education. The WJP is tapping into a broad recognition that the Rule of Law is essential to thriving communities and to the success of virtually all fields of endeavor
law  world  international  justice 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Gapminder: Unveiling the beauty of statistics for a fact based world view. - Gapminder.org
Gapminder is a non-profit venture – a modern “museum” on the Internet – promoting sustainable global development and achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

Gapminder was founded in Stockholm by Ola Rosling, Anna Rosling Rönnlund and Hans Rosling on February 25, 2005.
statistics  visualization  data  economics  development  politics  world  international  united-nations  information  public-data 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Transparency International
Transparency International, the global civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption, brings people together in a powerful worldwide coalition to end the devastating impact of corruption on men, women and children around the world.
TI’s mission is to create change towards a world free of corruption.

Transparency International challenges the inevitability of corruption, and offers hope to its victims. Since its founding in 1993, TI has played a lead role in improving the lives of millions around the world by building momentum for the anti-corruption movement. TI raises awareness and diminishes apathy and tolerance of corruption, and devises and implements practical actions to address it.
politics  government  community  ethics  activism  transparency  corruption  governance  democracy  policy  law  international  development  economics  world  society  global 
february 2010 by tsuomela
What Not Being Able To Buy Oil In Dollars Means | Crooks and Liars
The key break point, the end of the dollar hegemony, will come when the Chinese are able to move to a consumer economy. At that point, the Chinese will no longer need America as consumers, and they will let the Yuan float. The devastation this will wreck on the US economy is hard to overstate. Standards of living will crash. In the long run, being forced to live within its means, and no longer having to compete against massively subsidized foreign goods may turn out to be good for the US, but that won’t make you feel better as your effective income collapses or you lose your job.

This is probably two economic cycles out. We’re talking 12 to 16 years. So there’s time yet. Probably.
economics  america  resources  limits  peak-oil  oil  energy  currency  world 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Where's the remotest place on Earth? - environment - 20 April 2009 - New Scientist
Plotted onto a map, the results throw up surprises. First, less than 10 per cent of the world's land is more than 48 hours of ground-based travel from the nearest city. What's more, many areas considered remote and inaccessible are not as far from civilisation as you might think. In the Amazon, for example, extensive river networks and an increasing number of roads mean that only 20 per cent of the land is more than two days from a city - around the same proportion as Canada's Quebec province.
maps  world  geography  travel  transportation 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Gallery - Where's the remotest place on Earth? - Image 1 - New Scientist
Very little of the world's land can now be thought of as inaccessible, according to a new map of connectedness.
maps  world  location  transportation  frontier  remoteness  wilderness 
april 2009 by tsuomela
The world economy is tracking or doing worse than during the Great Depression | vox - Research-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists
Often cited comparisons – which look only at the US – find that today’s crisis is milder than the Great Depression. In this column, two leading economic historians show that the world economy is now plummeting in a Great-Depression-like manner. Indeed, world industrial production, trade, and stock markets are diving faster now than during 1929-30. Fortunately, the policy response to date is much better.
depression  economics  crisis  world  scale  perspective  gloom-and-doom 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Economist's View: Fed Watch: What If the Analogy is Wrong?
the coming massive US policy response is a desperate attempt to maintain a global economic structure that is fundamentally broken. This is a story I have long championed, but, in recent months, one I was willing to discount given my expectations of an improvement in the current account. Indeed, this seemed consistent with the strengthening of the Dollar. But recent trade data suggests I may have become too complacent with regards to the external dynamic.
economics  trade  world  crisis  gloom-and-doom 
december 2008 by tsuomela
Social Watch
Social Watch is an international NGO watchdog network monitoring poverty eradication and gender equality.
activism  development  economics  international  justice  non-profit  social  society  sustainability  world  politics 
march 2008 by tsuomela

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