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whip_lash : sociology   26

CEOs Who Cheat on Spouse Twice as Likely to Cheat at Work: Study - Bloomberg
Cheating on your spouse goes hand in hand with cheating in the workplace.
ethics  adultery  sociology 
august 2019 by whip_lash
Social Status: Down the Rabbit Hole | Melting Asphalt
The beginning of wisdom about social status is learning to distinguish its two (and only two) primary forms: dominance and prestige. These are, as one research paper puts it, the "two ways to the top."

If dominance is the kind of status we get from intimidating others, prestige is the kind of status we get from doing impressive things or having impressive traits or skills.
june 2019 by whip_lash
You Can't Have Denmark Without Danes - Bloomberg
But what Hvidberg is suggesting is that these things come in a package. You can’t simply pull some elements out and get the same results. And basically all the Danes I spoke to, from far-left Green Party types to market liberals, agreed that Denmark would be hard to replicate without Danes.

I asked Bjornskov if there was some way the U.S. could make itself more trusting. Unfortunately, he told me, the literature is better at showing us how to destroy trust than to build it.

Trust can improve over time. Bjornskov says that trust levels have risen in Europe in the decades following World War II. But scholars don’t know how societies can engineer that kind of improvement. Declines can also be remarkably persistent; areas of Africa that were ravaged by slavery still show social trust deficits centuries later.
sociology  denmark  trust  economics 
february 2018 by whip_lash
Self-Serving Bias | Slate Star Codex
So maybe the scary thing about Oregon is how strongly we rely on intuitions about absurdity. If something doesn’t immediately strike us as absurd, then we have to go through the same plodding motions of debate that we do with everything else – and over short time scales, debate is interminable and doesn’t work. Having a notion strike us as absurd short-circuits that and gets the job done – but the Oregon/everyone-else divide shows that intuitions about absurdity are artificial and don’t even survive state borders, let alone genuinely different cultures and value systems.
psychology  sociology 
january 2018 by whip_lash
Emotion shapes the diffusion of moralized content in social networks (PDF Download Available)
Here, we show that the expression of moral emotion is key for the spread of moral and political ideas in online social networks, a process we call “moral contagion.” Using a large sample of social media communications about three polarizing moral/political issues (n = 563,312), we observed that the presence of moral-emotional words in messages increased their diffusion by a factor of 20% for each additional word.
socialnetworking  sociology  idiocracy 
december 2017 by whip_lash
A simple theory of Moore's Law and social media - Marginal REVOLUTION
People who are not so sensitive to social information will pursue social media with greater equanimity, and they may find those media productivity-enhancing.  Nevertheless they will become rather visibly introduced to a relatively new category of people for them — those who are overly sensitive to social information.  This group will become so transparent, so in their face, and also somewhat annoying.  Even those extremely insensitive to social information will not be able to help perceiving this alternate approach, and also the sometimes bad motivations that lie behind it.  The overly sensitive ones in turn will notice that another group is under-sensitive to the social considerations they value.  These two groups will think less and less of each other.  The insensitive will have been made sensitive. 
sociology  socialnetworking 
december 2017 by whip_lash
Tolerance is not a moral precept – Extra Newsfeed
The Peace of Westphalia, the series of treaties which ended them, was built on two radical tenets: that each ruler had the right to choose the religion of their state, and that Christians living in principalities where their faith was not the established faith still had the right to practice their religion. A decision was made, in essence, to accept the risk of the monster rather than the reality of the war.
philosophy  religion  tolerance  sociology 
august 2017 by whip_lash
Minimum Viable Citizen | Status 451
I'm a big fan of economic freedom. The freedom to buy and sell what I want, and to not buy and sell what I don't want. And this is more than just a thinly veiled support of the free market. Private corporations make you buy things you don't want all the time. How many of you have…
economics  sociology 
december 2016 by whip_lash
New Statesman - The social cell
Consider four unrelated species of social cell that share some interesting features. What do the Japanese tea ceremony, debutante parties, Ponzi schemes and many Christian churches have in common? They are all variations of an insidiously effective social mechanism that:
1) thrives on human innocence, and
2) nobody had to design, and
3) is threatened with extinction by the rising tide of accessibility to information.
evolution  psychology  religion  sociology 
april 2012 by whip_lash
What Really Keeps Poor People Poor |
"Poverty is not deprivation. It is isolation. When the high school senior from the inner city doesn’t get into Harvard or Yale, she’s being isolated from the networks that could allow to reach the highest rungs of society. In all fairness, many people from impoverished communities have been able to access these networks in recent decades and it has lead to some of the greatest success stories of our time. Michelle Obama. Sonia Sotomayor. Even a story like Lloyd Blankfein’s (Goldman Sachs CEO/Chairman) is largely one of accessing networks (through a full ride to Harvard) that would have been normally inaccessible to a son of a Postal Service worker."
education  sociology  economics 
may 2011 by whip_lash
Caspar Melville - Battle of the Babies | New Humanist
What Kaufmann is arguing is that the secularisation thesis, the assumption that modernity leads inexorably to a lessening of religious belief and a day when we are all rational humanists, is wrong – at one point Kaufmann approvingly quotes Rodney Stark and Roger Finke’s view that this is “a failed prophecy”. Further he is saying that there is something about our current form of liberal secularism that contains (here’s another headline) the seeds of its own destruction. Since the birth rate of individualistic secular people the world over is way below replacement level (2.1 in the West), and the birth rate of religious fundamentalists is way above (between 5 and 7.5 depending on sect), then through the sheer force of demography religious fundamentalism is going to become a much bigger force in the world and gain considerable political muscle.
religion  politics  sociology  demography 
april 2010 by whip_lash
What's fair? Societal structures, not human nature, teach us
Rousseau, Hobbes, and Locke all meditated on the development of social contracts that they considered necessary for people to operate in large societies. Game theory gives scientists a chance to test some of these ideas with hard data. By having people play anonymous games with money, researchers found that people from larger societies, ones that are more integrated into the market, are more likely to be fair in anonymous dealings; these same people are more willing to punish others when they are unfair. These findings suggest that fairness and punishment in dealings with strangers are largely learned behaviors, and that we need these norms and institutions to prevent our communities from fragmenting.
psychology  science  sociology 
march 2010 by whip_lash
World Affairs Journal - The Cosmopolitan Tongue: The Universality of English
What makes the potential death of a language all the more emotionally charged is the belief that if a language dies, a cultural worldview will die with it. But this idea is fragile. Certainly language is a key aspect of what distinguishes one group from another. However, a language itself does not correspond to the particulars of a culture but to a faceless process that creates new languages as the result of geographical separation
language  culture  globalization  sociology 
november 2009 by whip_lash
Who goes Nazi?—By Dorothy Thompson (Harper's Magazine)
It is an interesting and somewhat macabre parlor game to play at a large gathering of one’s acquaintances: to speculate who in a showdown would go Nazi. By now, I think I know. I have gone through the experience many times–in Germany, in Austria, and in France. I have come to know the types: the born Nazis, the Nazis whom democracy itself has created, the certain-to-be fellow-travelers. And I also know those who never, under any conceivable circumstances, would become Nazis.
history  politics  psychology  culture  sociology 
july 2009 by whip_lash
Sensemaking: How intellectual pollution has crippled America's children
There's no especially good reason for low-SES parents to talk less with their children and use more prohibitions. They're just following Dr. Spock's advice and raising their children according to their intuition. Which, as it happens, is to manage their children the way their employers manage them at work. Raising children like employees has benefits that are immediate and hugely salient, whereas the harms created are subtle and visible only in aggregate through statistical analysis.
sociology  psychology  education  intelligence  children  parenting 
june 2009 by whip_lash
Mackerel Economics in Prison Leads to Appreciation for Oily Fillets -
Prisoners need a proxy for the dollar because they're not allowed to possess cash. Money they get from prison jobs (which pay a maximum of 40 cents an hour, according to the Federal Bureau of Prisons) or family members goes into commissary accounts that let them buy things such as food and toiletries. After the smokes disappeared, inmates turned to other items on the commissary menu to use as currency.

Books of stamps were one easy alternative. "It was like half a book for a piece of fruit," says Tony Serra, a well-known San Francisco criminal-defense attorney who last year finished nine months in Lompoc on tax charges. Elsewhere in the West, prisoners use PowerBars or cans of tuna, says Ed Bales, a consultant who advises people who are headed to prison. But in much of the federal prison system, he says, mackerel has become the currency of choice.
sociology  economics  prison 
october 2008 by whip_lash
Parents Give Up Teens Under Law Meant For Babies -
Officials have called the abandonments a misuse of a new law that was mainly intended to prevent so-called Dumpster babies — the abandonment of newborns by young, terrified mothers — but instead has been used to hand off out-of-control teenagers or, in the case of the father of 10, to escape financial and personal despair.
sociology  law 
october 2008 by whip_lash
But now that we can map the brains, genes, and unconscious attitudes of conservatives, we have refined our diagnosis: conservatism is a partially heritable personality trait that predisposes some people to be cognitively inflexible, fond of hierarchy, and inordinately afraid of uncertainty, change, and death. People vote Republican because Republicans offer "moral clarity"—a simple vision of good and evil that activates deep seated fears in much of the electorate. Democrats, in contrast, appeal to reason with their long-winded explorations of policy options for a complex world.
voting  sociology  republican  religion  psychology  politics 
september 2008 by whip_lash
The Vanishing Republican Voter - An Analysis -
Measured by money income, Washington qualifies as one the most unequal cities in the United States. Yet these two very different halves of a single city do share at least one thing. They vote the same way: Democratic. And in this, we are not alone. As a general rule, the more unequal a place is, the more Democratic; the more equal, the more Republican.
politics  sociology 
september 2008 by whip_lash
The freedom to say 'no' - The Boston Globe
Why aren't there more women in science and engineering? Controversial new research suggests: They just aren't interested.
culture  sociology  science 
may 2008 by whip_lash
Matthew Yglesias
It's not that we urbanists are unaware that many people live in low density areas because its cheaper...that makes us believe that the "traditional unipolar downtown" could make a comeback [without federal price distortion].
economics  sociology  culture  architecture 
july 2007 by whip_lash
"The Rise of the Creative Class" by Richard Florida
Why cities without gays and rock bands are losing the economic development race.
economics  culture  sociology 
june 2007 by whip_lash

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